First known as Gilmantown the town was home to the Gilman family of which there were 24 members receiving land grants. At one time it was the second largest town in the state, following Portsmouth. The orignal town was much larger than it is now with villages and parishes including Belmont, Gunstock Parish(Gilford) Hurricane, Tioga,Factory Village and Lakeport. A Parish first called Averytown, the site of an unprofitable Iron Mining enterprise is still known today as Gilmanton Iron Works.
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